Prevention is the most effective method towards COVID-19.
Prevention remains the most effective method to control COVID-19.
There is no effective treatment for COVID-19, yet. Most of the treatments currently being given are symptomatic relief and supportive treatments. Complication of the disease such as shock, acute renal injury, acute cardiac injury and nervous system involvement and super infection can be treated as required.
There are different medications on trial including chloroquine in combination with other antiviral medication. In our country, trial of traditional medicine in combination with modern medicine has been initiated.
Viruses have a cell membrane made up of lipid and protein which holds it together. Due to the lipid content of this membrane, to wash your hands using only water will not remove the virus as it only brushes the surface. Soap on the other hand has two components, a hydrophilic or water loving and hydrophobic water hating or oil loving components. The hydrophilic part will dissolve in the water while the hydrophobic will attach itself to the lipid containing layer of the virus cell membrane and slowly dissolve and disintegrate the virus. This process takes time; at least for 20 seconds. After disintegrating the membrane the virus will be dissolved in the water that can be easily washed off.
If you are caring for someone with COVID-19 symptoms remember to do the following;
Most of the people who contract COVID-19 can recover and eliminate the virus from their body. Contracting the SARS CoV-2 does not mean you will have it for life.
Most of the symptoms will resolve within a period of 10 days. Patients will test positive for Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test within 2 to 4 days of the onset of the illness while radiological evidence might take up to 7 days to appear. Viral clearance takes longer duration than symptomatic relieve. Patients who received intensive care also show delayed viral clearance when compared to others. Thus, patients are expected to test negative with median duration of 11 days while radiologic clearance will be evident on the 14th day of being symptomatic.
Further studies are required to establish when a patient is said to be cured of COVID-19. Due to reports of SARS CoV-2 patients testing positive after discharge, new protocol has been practiced for discharging a patient in our country. The patients are kept under home based quarantine for fourteen days after being discharged from treatment center for follow up.
Contact tracing, quarantine and isolation are main steps taken in controlling a pandemic of COVID-19.
Contact is a healthy person not showing sign and symptoms of the disease who may have been exposed to the virus. He/she might have a chance of being infected within 14 days period. People are said to be in close contact with the patient when he/she provide direct care for the patient without using proper personal protective equipments or have been in closed and contaminated environment. A person with contact history to the patient will be followed for the duration of incubation period which is 14 days from time of exposure. (Download the “DEBO” app for registering your contacts)
Quarantine is putting restriction to personal activities for persons that are not ill but have been exposed to infection with the objective of monitoring symptoms to detect and contain the spread of infection early.
Isolation is separation of symptomatic person from others to prevent spread of infection or contamination.
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